27 Januari 2009

Tanah Lot

'Tanah Lot' is an object tourism in Bali, Indonesia. Here are two that are located in the temple on the cobblestone. One is located at the top of the stone bongkahan and one located on the edge similar to the Pura Uluwatu. Pura Tanah Lot is a part of the temple Sad Kahyangan, the quasi-which is a joint-joint Bali island. Pura Tanah Lot temple is a place of worship the sea gods guard the sea.


Legend

According to legend, this temple was built by a Brahmin from a rogue. He is a successful Danghyang Nirartha strengthen the trust of Bali will be the teachings of Hinduism and build Sad Kahyangan on the 16-century. At the time authorities Tanah Lot, Bendesa Beraben, because he was jealous of the followers and start leaving the Danghyang Nirartha. Bendesa Beraben told to leave Danghyang Nirartha Tanah Lot. He menyanggupi and before leaving the Tanah Lot with his strength to move the middle stone Bongkahan beach (not into the sea) and building a temple there. He also change selendangnya a snake temple guards. Snake was still there until now and this scientifically snake species including sea snakes that have characteristics such as the caudate flat fish, black and yellow striped and have a toxic 3 times stronger than cobra snake. End of the legend states that Bendesa Beraben 'end' to pursuivant Danghyang Nirartha.

Pura Tanah Lot


Tanah Lot is a tourism object in Bali, Indonesia. Here are two that are located in the temple on the cobblestone. One is located at the top of the stone bongkahan and one located on the edge similar to the Pura Uluwatu. Pura Tanah Lot is a part of the temple Sad Kahyangan, the quasi-which is a joint-joint Bali island. Pura Tanah Lot temple is a place of worship the sea gods guard the sea.

Location

Tourism land lot located in the Village Beraban Kediri Tabanan District, about 13 km west of Tabanan. To the north of Pura Tanah Lot, there is a temple which is located above the cliffs that stick to the sea. Tebing this temple connect with the land and shaped like a bridge (curve). Tanah Lot is renowned as a place to see the beautiful sunset (sunset), tourist, is usually crowded in the afternoon to see the beauty of the sunset here.
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25 Januari 2009

Bunaken Island

Bunaken island is an area of 8.08 km ² in the Bay of Manado, which is located on the northern island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. This island is part of the city of Manado, the capital of North Sulawesi province, Indonesia. Bunaken Island is located to the Speed boat or hire a boat trip about 30 minutes from the port city of Manado. Around the island there is a Bunaken Bunaken marine park which is part of the Marine National Park Manado Tua. Parks sea marine biodiversity has one of the highest in the world. Scuba dive attract many visitors to this island. Overall Bunaken marine park covers area of 75,265 hectares with five islands that are in it, that is, the island of Manado Tua, Bunaken Island, Siladen Island, Pulau Mantehage following some children pulaunya, and Island Naen. Although the area covers 75,265 hectares, the location of dive (diving), only limited in each of the five beaches encircle the island.

Bunaken marine park has a 20 point dive (Dive spot) to vary with the depth of 1344 meters. 20 point from the suit, the 12 point dive in them around Bunaken Island. Twelve point dive this is the most frequently visited by divers and lovers of the beauty of the sea bottom.

Most of the 12 point dive in the Bunaken Island line from the southeast to the northwest island. In this region there is a great underwater walls, also called the hanging walls, or walls of a giant coral vertical stand and buckle up. Coral wall is also a source of food for fish in the waters around Bunaken Island.
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18 Januari 2009

Sanur Beach

Sanur Beach is one of the beaches on the island of Bali. This beach has a 3-kilometer long coastline facing the east. Sanur Beach, the beach is a white-and-soft. In addition, Sanur beach is a beach that has a rock so that the surplus itself.

Compared with the Kuta, Sanur area overnight to provide a place that is relatively more expensive but quiet. Compared with the Nusa Dua, Bali offers a price slightly cheaper.

Sanur beach area is an alternative for local and foreign tourists who want to avoid the feel of the bustle such as Kuta, Legian or Seminyak. In this area quiet and comfort is top priority. For those who like to enjoy the sunrise (sunrise) and Sanur is a place that is very appropriate.

Like, especially in the area of Nusa Dua, Sanur, in the hotel, there are world-class hotel. Here stood Hyatt Sanur Bali, Sanur Beach Hotel, Mercure Resort Sanur, the Grand Bali Beach with a golf course in the area hotelnya. Besides, most of the all-star hotel in the Sanur may simply have their own beach (private beach) on the back of the hotel. So with the life of a world-class living in hotels bertarif expensive you can still get in the Sanur area.


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16 Januari 2009

Batik

Batik (Batik or word) comes from the Javanese "amba" which means to write and "point." The word refers to the batik cloth with a pattern produced by the "night" (wax) which is applied to the top of the cloth, so that the entrance of a coloring agent (dye), or in the English Language "wax-resist dyeing".

Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (particularly Java) since long. Javanese women in the past made them in the skills to make a livelihood, so that in the past to make the work is to work exclusively women finding "Batik Cap" which allows the inclusion of men in this field. There are some exceptions to this phenomenon, namely the coastal batik has the masculine, as can be seen in the pattern "Mega Mendung", which in some coastal areas is to make work for the common man.

Variety Batik pattern and color is influenced by various foreign influences. Initially, batik has multiformity pattern and color are limited, and some patterns may only be used by certain circles. However coastal batik absorb various external influences, such as foreign traders and in the end, the colonists. Bright colors such as red dipopulerkan by the Chinese, who also popularize phoenix patterns. Colonialist European nations also take interest in the batik, and the result is a pattern bebungaan previously unknown (such as tulip flowers) and also objects brought by colonists (the building or horse-drawn carriage), including the colors of their favorite colors such as blue. Maintain the traditional batik coraknya, and is still used in traditional ceremonies, usually because each color has a symbolism of each.

Technique has been to make known since thousands of years back. There is no historical information that is quite clear about the origins of batik. Some suspect this technique comes from the Sumerian nation, and developed in Java after brought by Indian traders. At this time batik can be found in many countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, and Iran. Besides in Asia, batik is also very popular in some countries in the African continent. However, batik, which is very famous in the world is a batik from Indonesia, mainly from Java.

The tradition is beginning to make on that tradition from generation to generation, so that sometimes a motif can be identified came from a family batik. Some batik motif can indicate the status of someone. Even now, some batik motif tadisional only used by the family palace in Yogyakarta and Surakarta.

Batik is the ancestor of the inheritance of Indonesia (Java) is still there. Batik is also the first time introduced to the world by President Soeharto, who at that time the United Nations Conference on batik.


Ways of making

Originally created in batik top with white material made of cotton cloth called mori. These batik also made on other materials such as silk, poliester, rayon and other synthetic materials. Batik motif formed with liquid wax using a tool called a canting motive for the fine, or brush for large-sized patterns, so that the liquid wax seep into the fabric fibers. Cloth that has been painted with wax and then dyed with the desired color, usually starting from the colors of youth. Immersion and then made another motive for the color of dark or older. After some time the process of coloring, the fabric that has been dibatik dicelupkan in chemicals for melarutkan candle.

Type batik

* Write Batik cloth is decorated with batik patterns teksture and use hands. Making this kind of batik takes approximately 2-3 months.
* Batik cloth cap is decorated with batik patterns and teksture formed with the cap (usually made of copper). The process of making this type of batik take approximately 2-3 days.
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15 Januari 2009

Durian

Durian is the name of the tropical plant that comes from Southeast Asia, as well as the name of the fruit can be eaten. The name is taken from the skin of fruit characteristics of hard and grooved like so sharp thorns. Variant name that is also popular duren. People called Sunda kadu.

Indeed, plants with this name is not a single species of plants, but a group of clans (genus) Durio. But generally, the durian usual (without any particle) is the scientific name has Durio zibethinus. While the types of durian that may be eaten and sometimes found in the local market in Southeast Asia including D. kutejensis (lai), D. oxleyanus (kerantungan), D. graveolens (durian turtle or kekura), and D. dulcis (lahung). Durian further description below refers to Durio zibethinus.

Many people consider the durian fruit as well. Society often called "king of fruits." However, some people will not hold and consider baunya stink. Richard Sterling (dalamThe Traveling Curmudgoen) said: "baunya is similar to the dirt with the pigs, terpentin and onion, and decorated with dirty socks from the field of sports. Baunya tercium remotely." There was also a smell that smell like durian that out of the garbage truck.

Annual tree, green immortal (leaf shedding does not depend on season) but there is a specific time for the new leaves (Flushing period). Growth can reach a height of 40 m, durian trees often have banir (root of the board). Pepagan (stem bark) reddish brown, not burn uniform. Tajuknya shady and distant.

Ellipse-shaped leaves to the lancet, 10-15 (-17) cm × 3-4,5 (-12.5) cm; take located; bertangkai; have a taper or be blunt and taper rolling; the top of the green light, the side down scale closed-shell or silver with golden stars plume.

Interest (and fruit) appears directly from the stem (cauliflorous) or branches of old, gather in the column contains 3-10 skein bud-shaped or flat tassel. Bud flowers rounded, about 2 cm diameternya, bertangkai long. Sheath of interest along the tube lk. 3 cm, leaf sheath to be split 2-3 round egg-shaped lobe. Crown shape spatula, about 2 × long sheath, amounted to 5 sheets, whitish. Benangsarinya many, divided into 5 files; putiknya head shape knob, with a sprig of feathery. flowers appear from dorman bud, blossom in the afternoon and stand up to several days. Interest rate spread this fragrant aroma to attract the bats as the main penyerbuk.


Durian fruit-shaped capsule form rounded, rounded up to oval eggs, with a length of up to 25 cm diameter and up to 20 cm. Skin fruit thick, sharp-cornered surface ( "thorny", so-called "durian", although this is not in the spine of botany), green yellowish, brown, to grayish.

Developing fruit after fertilization and requires 4-6 weeks for the concoction. During the competition antarbuah concoction occurred in one group, so only one or a few pieces that will reach maturity, and the rest killed. The fruit will fall if their own cooking. In general, heavy durian fruit can reach 1.5 to 5 kilograms, so a durian plantation area that is dangerous on the durian season. When the head falls on someone, durian fruit can cause serious injury or even death.

Each fruit has a 5 "rooms" (rooms), which indicates the number of leaves of the fruit. Each room occupied by some of the seeds, usually 3 or more grains, tapering to 4 cm long, pink and brown shiny. Terbungkus by arilus seed (seed wrapper, which is often referred to as "flesh fruit" durian) white to light yellow with a thickness that varies, but the superior kultivar thickness arilus can reach 3 cm. Seeds with seed wrapper is called in the trade pongge. Pemuliaan durian directed to produce seeds with a small seed wrapper is thick, because this is the seed wrapper that is eaten.

Nutritional value

Each 100 g salut seeds contain 67 g of water, 28.3 g carbohydrate, 2.5 g fat, 2.5 g protein, 1.4 g fiber, and energy have a value of 520 kJ. Durian also contains vitamins B1, B2, and vitamin C, and potassium, calcium and phosphorus.
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14 Januari 2009

Angklung

Angklung is a traditional Indonesian musical instrument originated from Sunda Land, made from bamboo, be pronounced in a way that digoyangkan (noise caused by the impact of bamboo pipes) so that it vibrates to the sound of ringing in the order 2, 3, and 4 in the tone of each size, good large and small. Laras (tone) as a musical instrument Angklung music tradition is the most salendro Sunda and pelog.


Origins

In the family of using music from the known species of bamboo called Angklung and calung. The type of bamboo used as a musical instrument is Awi wulung (black bamboo) and Awi temen (white bamboo). Purwa Angklung shapes of musical instruments and similar calung same; each tone (pitch) generated from the sound of tube-shaped bambunya that wilahan (batangan) each bamboo segment of small to large size.

Angklung is a musical instrument that came from West Java. Angklung gubrag in Jasinga, Bogor, is one that is still alive since more than 400 years past. Appear was from ritus rice. Angklung created and played for the bait down to Dewi Sri Earth so that people grow rice fertile.

Sundanese known by the public since the Sunda kingdom, such as in the spirit in penggugah. Angklung blower function as the spirit of the people still feel to the colonial period, that is why the Dutch had Angklung prohibit the public use, the prohibition was making Angklung popularity decreased and only in the play by children at the time.

Origin of the music of bamboo, such as Angklung calung and community life based on the views of Sunda agrarian life, the source of rice (pare) as a staple food. This is the birth of the mythical beliefs Nyai Sri Pohaci as a symbol of our life Dewi Padi (hirup-hurip).

Contemplation before Sundanese people in agricultural work (tatanen) especially in the field and gave birth to the creation of huma and poetic songs, and as a tribute to the Sri Pohaci Nyai, and efforts nyinglar (decline troops) so that they are not suitable planting invite catastrophe, both interference and pest disaster other nature. Poetic song to honor buhun Nyi Sri Pohaci are for example:

The Oyong-oyong
Sawahe the waru inclined
Sawahe ujuring eler
Sawahe ujuring etan
Solasi pipe Dami
Menyan white pengundang dewa
Deities widadari
Panurunan the patang puluh

Then the songs of the Dewi Sri is accompanied by the sound of train tabuh made of bamboo rod-rod which is packed and the simple structure was born bamboo musical instrument that we know now the Angklung and calung. Development in the next game Angklung tradition also accompanied with the element of movement and ibing (dance), which ritmis (ber-wirahma) with the patterns and rules = rules in accordance with the needs of a particular ritual homage at the time to accompany the rice paddy to the barn (ngampih pare, nginebkeun), also at the time mitembeyan, the planting of rice in some places in West Java called ngaseuk.

Similarly, at the time of harvest festival and games are seren taun Angklung and calung. Especially in the serving of Angklung ceremony associated with rice, has become an art show is a procession or helaran, even in some places a convoy Rengkong and Dongdang and Jampana (stretcher food) and so forth.

In its development, Angklung grown and spread to the entire Java, and to Kalimantan and Sumatra. 1908 recorded on a cultural mission from India to Thailand, among others, by delivering Angklung, and this game is the music of bamboo had spread there.

In fact, since 1966, Mang Udjo leaders Angklung develop a technique based on the game pitch-barrel pelog, salendro, and start-madenda teach how to play Angklung many people from various communities.



Angklung Kanekes

Angklung Kanekes in the region (we often call them the Baduy) is used mainly because the relationship with ritus rice, not merely entertainment for the people. Angklung used or be pronounced when they were planting rice in huma (field). Angklung Menabuh when to plant the rice is free only be pronounced (dikurulungkeun), especially in Kajeroan (Tangtu; Baduy Jero), and there is a certain ritmis, namely in Kaluaran (Foreign Baduy). However, still can be displayed outside ritus rice but still have the rules, for example, may only ditabuh to pare the ngubaran (treat rice), about three months since ditanamnya of rice. After that, during the next six months all the arts should not be played, and can be played again on the next rice planting season. Angklung held close to the event called the Angklung musungkeun, namely nitipkeun (check, store) Angklung after use.

In the course of entertainment, usually held at Angklung bright days and does not rain. They play in Angklung it (the wide rural) while sing various songs, among others: Lutung Kasarung, Yandu Bibi, Yandu Sala, Ceuk Arileu, Oray-orayan, Dengdang, Yari Gandang, Oyong-oyong Bangkong Agency, Kula, Kokoloyoran, Ayun-swaying, Pileuleuyan, infatuated Manggu, Rujak Gadung, Mulung Muncang, Giler, Ngaranggeong, Aceukna, Marengo, Salak Sadapur, Rangda Ngendong, Celementre, Keupat Reundang, Papacangan, and Culadi Dengdang. The Angklung penabuh of eight people and three penabuh bedug small standing position while walking in a circle formation. Meanwhile, the other is ngalage (dance) with a movement that has a certain standard, but simple. Everything is done only by men. This is different from the Daduy In society, they are limited by a variety of customary rules pamali (prohibition; taboo), could not do anything excessive worldly enjoyment. Art made solely for the purpose of the ritual.

The names in the Angklung Kanekes from the biggest is: mother, ringkung, dongdong, gossip, engklok, parent leutik, torolok, and Roel. Roel consisting of 2 units held by a Angklung. The names of the bedug is terpanjang: bedug, talingtit, and percussion. The use of instruments bedug there are differences, namely in the villages Kaluaran their use bedug of 3 units. In Kajeroan; Cikeusik village, just use bedug and talingtit, without percussion. In Kajeroan, Cibeo village, just use bedug, without talingtit and percussion.

In the Kanekes Angklung is entitled to make people Kajeroan (Tangtu; Baduy Jero). Kajeroan consists of 3 villages, namely Cibeo, Cikartawana, and Cikeusik. In the third village is not all people can make, the only offspring and to have the following in addition to the terms of the ritual. Creator Angklung Cikeusik in a famous father is Amir (59), and in Cikartawana father Tarnah. Kaluaran people buy from people in the three Kajeroan village.

Angklung Dogdog Lojor

Art dogdog lojor there are people in Kasepuhan Pancer Pangawinan or customs union Banten Kidul spread around Mount Halimun (borders Sukabumi, Bogor and Lebak). Although this is called art dogdog lojor, the name of one of the instruments in it, but there is also used as Angklung connection with the events of rice rituals. Once a year, after the harvest, the whole community event or Taun The Seren Taun customary in the center of the village. Center as the traditional village dwelling kokolot (elders) place always moved according to the supernatural.

Honor the tradition of rice to the community is still carried out because they include people who still adhere to old customs. The tradition of their own as the offspring of officials and soldiers in the palace Pajajaran baresan Pangawinan (soldiers armed with a lance). Kasepuhan community has adopted Islam and the influence will be quite open modernization, and the things worldly enjoyment of entertainment can dinikmatinya. This attitude is also in the function of art around since the 1970s, dogdog lojor has experienced growth, which is used to enliven khitanan children, marriage, and other events kemeriahan. Instruments used in the arts dogdog lojor is 2 fruit dogdog lojor and 4 Angklung large fruit. The four pieces Angklung has a name, called the biggest howl, and then panembal, kingking, and inclok. Each instrument is played by one, so that all of six people.

Songs of them dogdog lojor Bale Agung, Hideung Side, shaky-shaky Papanganten, Si Tunggul Kawung, Adulilang, and Adu-complaint. Songs with this form of vocal ritmis dogdog Angklung and tend to remain.

Angklung Badeng

Badeng is a type of art that emphasizes the aspect of the musical Angklung music as the main tool. Badeng found in the village near, Malangbong District, Garut. Previously functioning as entertainment for the benefit of the Islamic propaganda. But the alleged badeng people have been used since long before the period of Islam for the events related to the rice-planting ritual. As for the art of propaganda badeng be developed since Islam spread in the area around the century-16 or 17. At that time the population sanding, Arpaen and Nursaen, to study Islam Demak kingdom. After they returned from Demak berdakwah spread Islam. One of the spread of Islam is the use of the arts badeng.

Angklung used as many as nine pieces of Angklung Roel 2, 1 Angklung kecer, 4 Angklung Angklung mother and father, Angklung 2 children; 2 fruit dogdog, 2 fruit fly or gembyung, and 1 kecrek. Sundanese language text using a language mixed with Arabic. In its development is now also used the language of Indonesia. Content includes text Islamic values and good advice, advice, according to the purposes and events. In addition to presenting pertunjukannya songs, also presented kesaktian attractions, such as body segment with sharp weapons.

Songs badeng: Lailahaileloh, Ya'ti, Kasreng, Yautike, Lilimbungan, Solaloh.
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13 Januari 2009

Sate Kambing


Materials:
750 gr lamb loin, cut 2 cm dice
15 pcs skewer that has been soaked in water

Flavor:
5 LBR citrus leaves, finely sliced
10 btr onion, finely sliced
1 tbsp pepper powder
100 ml sweet soy sauce
2 tbsp lime juice

Complement:
50 gr cabbage, finely sliced
4 pcs tomato, sliced thin
6 tbsp fried onion for topping
15 pcs cayenne pepper, sliced finely
10 btr onion, finely sliced
5 tbsp sweet soy sauce
1 tsp pepper powder
2 tbsp lime juice lime

How to make:
Pin prick each sate with 4 - 5 pieces of meat. Mixed all the materials for the flavor. Mixed with spices and roasted sate sate dibara fire once while the rest be oiled-time flavor. Serve with sate complement



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11 Januari 2009

Majapahit Kingdom

Majapahit was an ancient kingdom in Indonesia, which had stood from 1293 until around 1500 M. This kingdom reached the peak of power in the kejayaannya Hayam Wuruk, in power from 1350 until 1389. Majapahit the other kingdoms in the peninsula Malaya, Borneo, Sumatra, Bali and the Philippines.

The History of Majapahit

After Singhasari drive away from Sriwijaya overall in the year 1290, Singhasari become the most powerful kingdom in the region. This is a concern Kubilai Khan, the Yuan Dynasty in China. He send messengers called Chi Meng to the demands Singhasari tribute. Kertanagara, the kingdom last Singhasari, refused to pay tribute and mempermalukan messenger with damage to face and ears cut off. Kublai Khan angry and then dispatch of troops to Java year 1293.

Then, Jayakatwang, duke Kediri, Kertanagara have been killed. Aria Wiraraja above suggestions, give clemency to Jayakatwang Raden Wijaya, Kertanegara daughter, who came resign. Raden Wijaya and Drag given forest. He opened the forest and build a new village. The village is named Majapahit, whose name was taken from the fruit maja, and the feeling of "bitter" the fruit of it. When the troops arrived Mongolia, Wijaya allied with the Mongolian army to battle against Jayakatwang. Raden Wijaya turn the associate Mongolnya force so that they return home pasukannya interesting is chaotic because they are in foreign territory. When it is also the last opportunity for them to catch wind muson to be able to return home, or they must be forced to wait six months in a foreign island.

Date used as the definitive date of birth of the kingdom of Majapahit was penobatan as king Raden Wijaya, namely on 10 November 1293. He dinobatkan with the official name Kertarajasa Jayawardhana. Kingdom of this problems. Some people trusted Kertarajasa, including Ranggalawe, Sora, and Nambi rebelled melawannya, although the rebellion was not successful. Slamet Muljana suspect that mahapatih Halayudha the ones who do all the conspiracy to topple the king's trusted, so that he can reach the highest positions in government. However, after the death of the last (Kuti), Halayudha arrested and dipenjara, and then die. Wijaya died in the year 1309.


Children and the successor Wijaya, Jayanegara, is the ruler of evil and unscrupulous. He digelari Kala Gemet, which means "weak villain." In the year 1328, Jayanegara killed by tabibnya, Tanca. Mother tirinya namely Gayatri Rajapatni should replace it, but choose Rajapatni step down from the palace and become a priestess. Rajapatni appoint Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi daughter to become the queen of Majapahit. During the power Tribhuwana, Majapahit kingdom developed into a large and more famous in the area. Majapahit Tribhuwana the death of his mother until the year 1350. It was forwarded by her son, Hayam Wuruk.

Majapahit glory

Hayam Wuruk, also called Rajasanagara, ruled Majapahit from 1350 until 1389. At the time, Majapahit kejayaannya culminate with the help mahapatihnya, Gajah Mada. Under the direction of the Gajah Mada (1313-1364), Majapahit over more areas. In the year 1377, several years after the death of Gajah Mada, Majapahit unleash attacks Palembang to the sea, the failure remnant Sriwijaya kingdom. The other is famous Majapahit Adityawarman, renowned as penaklukannya in Minangkabau.

According Kakawin Nagarakretagama pupuh XIII-XV, the power of Majapahit cover Sumatra, Malaya peninsula, Borneo, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara islands, Maluku, Papua, and some islands of the Philippines . However, the limits of nature and the economy shows that the areas of power did not seem to be centralized under the authority of Majapahit, but terhubungkan one another by trade may be the monopoly by the king. Majapahit also have relationships with coarse, Cambodia, Siam, the southern part of Burma, and Vietnam, and even send-dutanya ambassador to China.

The fall of Majapahit

After reaching its peak in 14-century, Majapahit power gradually weakened. Seems to happen war (War Paregreg) in the years 1405-1406, between Wirabhumi against Wikramawardhana. Similarly, the turnover has been a king who dipertengkarkan in the year 1450-an, and been a major rebellion by a nobleman in the year 1468.

In a tradition kronogram or candrasengkala that sounds sirna ilang kretaning earth. Sengkala this year is perhaps the end of Majapahit and should be read as 0041, the year 1400 Saka, or 1478 BC. Sengkala meaning is "earth sirna hilanglah prosperity." However, the actual described by candrasengkala is gugurnya Bre Kertabumi, the king of Majapahit to-11, by Girindrawardhana .

When Majapahit was founded, Muslim traders and the carrier has begun to enter the religious archipelago. At the end of the century and the early-14-15 th century, the Majapahit in the entire archipelago start decreasing. At the same time, a kingdom of trade based on the new religion of Islam, the Sultanate of Malacca, began appearing in the western part of the archipelago .

Note the history of Chinese, Portuguese, Italian and indicates that there has been movement of power from the hands of Majapahit Hindu ruler to hand Adipati Unus, the Sultanate of Demak, between the years 1518 and 1521 M


Majapahit Kingdom is the last Hindu kingdom in the Malay peninsula and is considered as one of the largest country in the history of Indonesia. in his outward Sumatra, Malaya peninsula, east of Borneo and Indonesia, even though his area is still debated.
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10 Januari 2009

Wayang

Wayang is an Indonesian and Malay word for theatre. When the term is used to refer to kinds of puppet theater, sometimes the puppet itself is referred to as wayang. "Bayang", the Javanese word for shadow or imagination, also connotes "spirit." Performances of shadow puppet theater are accompanied by gamelan in Java, and by "gender wayang" in Bali.
History of Wayang Kulit

Wayang is a generic term denoting traditional theatre in Indonesia. There is no evidence that wayang existed before Hinduism came to Southeast Asia sometime in the first century CE. However, there very well may have been indigenous storytelling traditions that had a profound impact on the development of the traditional puppet theatre. The first record of a wayang performance is from an inscription dated 930 CE which says "si Galigi mawayang," or "Sir Galigi played wayang". From that time till today it seems certain features of traditional puppet theatre have remained. Galigi was an itinerant performer who was requested to perform for a special royal occasion. At that event he performed a story about the hero Bima from the Mahabharata.

Hinduism arrived in Indonesia from India even before the Christian era, and was slowly adopted as the local belief system. Sanskrit became the literary and court language of Java and later of Bali. The Hindus changed the Wayang (as did the Muslims, later) to spread their religion, mostly by stories from the Mahabharata or the Ramayana. Later this mixture of religion and wayang play was praised as harmony between Hinduism and traditional Indonesian culture. On Java, the western part of Sumatra and some smaller islands traditionalists continued to play the old stories for some time, but the influence of Hinduism prevailed and the traditional stories either fell into oblivion or were integrated into the Hinduistic plays.

The figures of the wayang are also present in the paintings of that time, for example, the roof murals of the courtroom in Klungkung, Bali. They are still present in traditional Balinese painting today.

When Islam began spreading in Indonesia, the display of God or gods in human form was prohibited, and thus this style of painting and shadow play was suppressed. King Raden Patah of Demak, Java, wanted to see the wayang in its traditional form, but failed to obtain permission from the Muslim religious leaders. As an alternative, the religious leaders converted the wayang golek into wayang purwa made from leather, and displayed only the shadow instead of the figures itself. Instead of the forbidden figures only their shadow picture was displayed, the birth of the wayang kulit.

The figures are painted, flat woodcarvings (a maximum of 5 to 15 mm thick -- barely half an inch) with movable arms. The head is solidly attached to the body. Wayang klitikcan be used to perform puppet plays either during the day or at night. This type of wayang is relatively rare.

Wayang today is both the most ancient and most popular form of puppet theatre in the world. Hundreds of people will stay up all night long to watch the superstar performers, dalang, who command extravagant fees and are international celebrities. Some of the most famous dalang in recent history are Ki Nartosabdho, Ki Anom Suroto, Ki Asep Sunarya, Ki Sugino, and Ki Manteb Sudarsono.

Wayang kulit Wayang kulit as seen from the shadow side

Wayang kulit, shadow puppets prevalent in Java and Bali in Indonesia, are without a doubt the best known of the Indonesian wayang. Kulit means skin, and refers to the leather construction of the puppets that are carefully chiseled with very fine tools and supported with carefully shaped buffalo horn handles and control rods.

The stories are usually drawn from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata or the Serat Menak. The island of Lombok has developed its own style of Serat Menak called "kazangiloonga".

There is a family of characters in Javanese wayang called Punakawan; they are sometimes referred to as "clown-servants" because they normally are associated with the story's hero, and provide humorous and philosophical interludes. Semar is the father of Gareng (oldest son), Petruk, and Bagong (youngest son). These characters did not originate in the Hindu epics, but were added later, possibly to introduce mystical aspects of Islam into the Hindu-Javanese stories. They provide something akin to a political cabaret, dealing with gossip and contemporary affairs.

The puppets figures themselves vary from place to place. In Central Java the city of Surakarta (Solo) is most famous and is the most commonly imitated style of puppets. Regional styles of shadow puppets can also be found in West Java, Banyumas, Cirebon, Semarang, and East Java. Bali produces more compact and naturalistic figures, and Lombok has figures representing real people. Often modern-world objects as bicycles, automobiles, airplanes and ships will be added for comic effect, but for the most part the traditional puppet designs have changed little in the last 300 years.

Historically, the performance consisted of shadows cast on a cotton screen and an oil lamp. Today, the source of light used in wayang performance in Java is most often a halogen electric light. Some modern forms of wayang such as Wayang Sandosa created in the Art Academy at Surakarta (STSI) has employed spotlights, colored lights and other innovations.

The handwork involved in making a wayang kulit figure that is suitable for a performance takes several weeks, with the artists working together in groups. They start from master models (typically on paper) which are traced out onto kulit (skin or parchment), providing the figures with an outline and with indications of any holes that will need to be cut (such as for the mouth or eyes). The figures are then smoothed, usually with a glass bottle, and primed. The structure is inspected and eventually the details are worked through. A further smoothing follows before individual painting, which is undertaken by yet another craftsman. Finally, the movable parts (upper arms, lower arms with hands and the associated sticks for manipulation) mounted on the body, which has a central staff by which it is held. A crew makes up to ten figures at a time, typically completing that number over the course of a week.

The painting of less expensive puppets is handled expediently with a spray technique, using templates, and with a different person handling each color. Less expensive puppets, often sold to children during performances, are sometimes made on cardboard instead of leather.
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Fish Arwana

Under the influence of Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms some form dipulau Sumatra and Java had reached the area include kejayaannya Negara Malaysia and the island of Mindanao during the century since Majapahit to 7-to 14-century to the coming Arab traders from Gujarat, India and brought Islam.

When people come in early European Abat to-16, until the 17th century Dutch emerged as the most powerful ruler in the earth Equator Zambrut this. Until the keanekaragam is the evolution of flora and fauna, which occurred in the archipelago earth Equator. Only ancient fish called the adult is not yet extinct fish Arwana (Scleropages sp). Up to this fish until seabad ago, nearly unknown, in the year 1844 up to two people

German scientist named Muller and Schlegel interested in the beauty of the fish that they find in South America. Research they found that fish is not known. Both give the name of the fish Osteoglossum formosum.


Then in 1913 two Dutch experts Zoology Max Weber and LF de Beaufort change its name to Scleropages formosus. Until the discovery of this type last Kanazawa by Japanese scientists in 1966, has found many Arwana. At least four have already known that the genus with one species Arapaima (Arapaima gigas), Osteoglossum with two species of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum and Osteoglossum ferreirai, then Scleropages genus with four species, namely Scleropages formosus, Scleropages guntheri, Scleropaghes leichardti and Scleropages jardini. Genus is the last Clupisudis with single species Cluoisudis nilot. While in Indonesia, which is found there are so many types of Super Red Arowana (Scleropages formosus). Arwana this type are found in very many rivers and lakes in Sintang, Kapuas Hulu. The rivers are the Kapuas River that children save many Arwana, because the river or danaunya not berbatu and river flows quietly, not sederas Kapuas River. Fish Arwana red (Scleropages formosus) increasingly difficult to find in the original habitat in Lake Sentarum, Kapuas Hulu regency, West Kalimantan Province. Until basically and generally known that fish Arwana (Scleropages formosus) is one of the freshwater fish species from Southeast Asia. This fish has a body length, fin anus is located far behind the body.


Arwana Asia generally have keperak color-perakan. Arwana Asia also called Dragon Fish because dihubunghubungkan often with the dragon of Chinese Mythology. In addition to the West Kalimantan, fish Arwana also found in Sumatra, especially in the area of Riau and Jambi, but the type is Arwana Merah (Red Golden Arowana) This species is still included Scleropages formosus. Basic colors Arwana Sumatra is golden yellow in the head and tail on

fin and red taillights. Arwana diincar that many collectors are not "bergincu" lips. However pamornya not sehebat Super Red Arowana.

Type Arwana that also are found in Indonesia is Arwana green (Green Arowana), which is also found in Borneo, among others, in Melawai River and River Mensiku. The main colors are green on the tail. However, the color green is often not visible because of a closed red. Only in the adult, the color green is clearly the more visible. Arwana green habibatnya this is the color of river water is not too clean, kecokelatan. There are two types of Arwana others who also lived in Indonesia, namely in Papua, but the population is not too large. Collectors also prefer to hunt this type of Arwana population in Australia is quite high.

Australia's population Arwana type of Scleropages jardini and Scleropages leichardti high. The first type mainly found in the River of Queensland and Jardine River. Characteristics, body berbintik red, part of the stomach silver. While the type of Scleropages leichardti there are many in the Fitzroy River, Mary River, Dawson River Burnett River and Australia.

Type this in Indonesia also found in some small rivers in Papua. However, because the observation in Papua has not been intensive, many people estimate the population of this second type of Arwana big enough. While the types of Silver Arowana and Black Arowana found a lot of South America, North and some rivers in Africa. In Indonesia as well Arwana population in Papua, has not been recorded clearly by the government. While we know that Asia is Arwana species native rivers in Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia. There

variates four colors that are dilokasi:

1. Green, found in Indonesia, Vietnam, Burma, Thailand and Malaysia

2. Gold with red tails, found in Indonesia

3. Gold, dfitemukan in Malaysia

4. Red, found in Indonesia

Arwana Asia that are listed in the list of endangered species that are "endangered" fish Arwana especially Super Red (Scleropages formosus) by IUCN in 2004. Number of species that are often due to decrease because of the high value as aquarium fish, especially by Asian community, pursuivant Feng Shui can pay a high price for a fish this.

Arwana generally divided four main types of the Arwana Asia (Scleropages Formosus), Australia Arowana (Scleropages Jardini / Leichardi), Arwana South America (Osteoglossum Bicirrhosum / Ferreirai) and Arwana Africa. Each collection has a unique and distinctive each Arwana Asialah but that is a collection of these sales and diperingkat world at this time. While CITES (Convention on International Trade inEndangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is the agreement states that a regulation and protection of species of plants and animals will be extinct dikwatirkan. CITES history began from the United Antarabangsa Maintenance Nature.
In the year 1972, for tergagas more concerned with the natural flora and fauna and for human life. So tergagaslah "Human Environment Council" among the nations that together and created a formulation of the problem of trade of flora and fauna are almost extinct in this earth. Up to the Convention in Washinton in the next year, with the results of the 72 countries agreed and signed since 1 July 1975. Government of Malaysia with a system that can pour two fish species that are placed under escort CITES is Temoleh Fish, (Probarbus julleinii) Fish and Kelisa / Arwana, (Scleropages formosus) can be made of undangnya and strict supervision from the government.
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09 Januari 2009

Gado - gado

Gado-gado is one of the food that comes from Indonesia in the form of vegetables is boiled and mixed so one, with the flavor of the sauce or peanut mashed with slices of egg and onion on top of ditaburkan fry. Few emping fried or crackers (there are also using prawn crackers) were also added.

Gado-gado as such can be eaten as salad with spices / peanut sauce, but can also be eaten with white rice or sometimes also served with lontong.

Materials

Vegetables

Vegetables are often used can vary, even though vegetables used are:

* Vegetables sliced green small as lettuce, cabbage, cabbage flower, long beans, and bean sprouts.
* Vegetables such as carrots and other mentimun.
* Tomato
* Potato stew of shredded.
* Boiled eggs.

With the exception of eggs and boiled potatoes, vegetables that are usually used in the raw. Despite sometimes vegetables such as cabbage and cabbage flowers can also boiled hot water. There are also vegetables that are cooked with steam heat.


peanut sauce

One of the differences of gado-gado salad peanut sauce is used. The material used for the peanut sauce can also be varied. Materials used are:

* Beans are fried dilumatkan
* White Bawang
* Chili, pepper
* Water lemon

Sometimes also added:

* Style
* Terasi
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Dayak tribe

Daya or Dayak tribes are native inhabit Kalimantan, more correctly is that culture has terestrial (land, not the maritime culture). This designation is a general power because people have diverse cultures and languages. In the narrow sense, refers only to the Dayak tribe Ngaju (OT Danum family) in Central Kalimantan, while the broad sense Dayak tribe consists of 6 family of tribes. Hill tribes in South Kalimantan and Rumpun Iban Dayak tribe is estimated to cross over from the island of Sumatra. While Maloh tribe in West Kalimantan Dayak tribe is expected to come from the island of Sulawesi. Madagascar population uses language similar to language Maanyan, one of the Dayak language

History

There are many opinions about the origin of the power. So far there is no really satisfactory. Pandapat Dayak people generally place as one of the largest native ethnic group and the oldest inhabited island of Kalimantan. Ideas (the original) is based on the theory of population migration to Kalimantan. Starting from the opinion that, supposedly the ancestor of Dayak people came from several migration waves.

The first wave occurred about 1 million years ago, precisely in the period Interglasial-Pleistosen. This group consists of Australoid race (pre-human race that historically come from Africa). At the time of Pre-neolitikum, approximately 40000-20000 years past, more ethnic groups semi nomaden (classified as modern humans, Homo sapiens Mongoloid race). Digging in the Niah-ar
keologis Serawak, Madai and Baturong-Sabah prove that these groups are using the tools of stone, living hunting and gathering forest products from one place to another. They also have the technology of fire. The third group came around 5000 years ago. They came from Asia and the mainland are also in the Mongoloid race. This group has been living in a settled community communal house (home long?) Tekhnik and the dry land agriculture (farming). Wave of migration that still continues to this 21st century. This theory explains why Dayak people have so many variants in both language and cultural characteristics.

Dayak at the present time

Nowadays Dayak tribe divided into six large family, that is, the Kayan-Kenyah-Bahau, OT Danum, Iban, Murut, Punan and Klemantan. The six family is divided in more than 405 sub-cluster. Although divided into hundreds of sub-tribe, ethnic group have Dayak similarity characteristics unique culture. The characteristics of a key factor is whether a subsuku in Kalimantan to be included in the Dayak groups. The characteristics of the house is long, the cultural materials such as pottery, saber, chopsticks, beliong (ax Dayak); views on the nature, livelihoods (system), art and dance. Dayak villages usually called lewu / dust, while a group of tribes called the continent Malay / BANUA. In the district-district in Kalimantan, which is led by the indigenous Dayak Ceremony of the head of a leading one or two different Dayak tribe, but in the regions of the tribes do not have Malay traditional leadership system unless the local kings.
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08 Januari 2009

House Adat Gadang

Big house (Minangkabau language: 'big house') is a traditional Minangkabau house. Arts style building, development, the decorations in and outside, and the house reflects the cultural values and Minangkabau. A large house as a humble dwelling, a council to mesyuarat family, and for the activities of the ceremony. With matrilineal Minangkabau society, large houses owned by women in the family who live there - ownership is transmitted from mother to daughter.

Houses have bumbung arch structure with a dramatic multi-tired, upswept gables. Casement base has dibinakan into walls carved with flowers and a lot of paint. The term usually refers large house in the communal house of a larger, residential part from the small mengongsikan many elements of the style of art binanya.


Sumatra is the sixth largest island in the world and since Marco Polo's time he referred to as the 'island of gold'. He is the richest island in Indonesia, natural resources, including tehnya, pepper fields and gum, oil, beans and lead other extractive resources. [2] Located on the equator, Sumatra have tengkujuh weather and even more rains between October and May, there is no dry season that is not in the rain. Ignore the large-scale demolition in the forest, Sumatra mumpunyai still millions ekar wilderness that is not exploited to provide building materials. Key hardwood guidance is needed for now, walaubagaimanapun, in a very limited bekalan.


Background


Sumatra is home to a tribe-tribe terpelbagai in the archipelago of Southeast Asia [2] and perlbagaian this has been reflected in the various types of houses on the often dramatic tradition known as the customs house. Forms a terumum is the origin of wood and is founded on piles, dibinakan on material gathered in local, with a steep bumbung. Additional home to large Minangkabau, Batak people from the area of Lake Toba build jabu shaped boat dominating Carved with gables and bumbung-bumbung a very large, and the Nias membinakan home entrench the Omo sebua on wooden poles with iron, wood structure bumbung bermenara.

Minangkabau people is a native of the area on high ground Sumatra middle. Their culture is matrilineal, with property and land inherited from mother to daughter, while the ehwal religion and politics is the responsibility of men. Minangkabau people is a strong adherent of Islam, but also follow the tradition of their own - that are recognized as customary perpatih. Minangkabau customary perpatih comes from animism and Hindu beliefs before the arrival of Islam, and animism remainder trust still exist between them even though the practice of Islam. By so, the female predominance is still entitled to be property owners, the husband only tolerated in the house Some time and under special circumstances, and must return to the home of brother-beradik daughter to bed. [3] rig this practice is customary in wander Where a lot of men will roam far to work, only returning Some period of time to their villages of origin. Wang found from this odyssey delivered to the home of a contemporary tradition.

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Kecak dance

Kecak dance (pronunciation: / 'ke.tʃak /, roughly "KEH-chahk", an alternative spelling: Ketjak, Ketjack, and Ketiak), is the Balinese performing arts that was created in 1930-an and played mainly by men . Dance this be by many (tens or more) male dancers who form a circle and sat down with the rhythm called a "smack" and the second arm, describes the story of Ramayana monkeys help line at Rama against Rahwana. However, Kecak sanghyang derived from the rituals, the tradition of dance penarinya are not aware of the condition [1], making communication with God or the spirit of the ancestors and the hope-and hopes to the people.

The dancers sit around the cloth is put on the boxes, such as chess boards around their waist. In addition to the dancers is, there are the other dancers who portray characters such as the Ramayana, Rama, Shinta, Rahwana, Hanoman and Sugriwa.


Kecak dance (pronunciation: / 'ke.tʃak /, roughly "KEH-chahk", an alternative spelling: Ketjak, Ketjack, and Ketiak), is the Balinese performing arts that was created in 1930-an and played mainly by men . Dance this be by many (tens or more) male dancers who form a circle and
sat down with the rhythm called a "smack" and the second arm, describes the story of Ramayana monkeys help line at Rama against Rahwana. However, Kecak sanghyang derived from the rituals, the tradition of dance penarinya are not aware of the condition [1], making communication with God or the spirit of the ancestors and the hope-and hopes to the people.

The dancers sit around the cloth is put on the boxes, such as chess boards
around their waist. In addition to the dancers is, there are the other dancers who portray characters such as the Ramayana, Rama, Shinta, Rahwana, Hanoman and Sugriwa.

Kecak dance songs taken from the ritual dances sanghyang. In addition, the tool does not use music. Only used kincringan charged on foot dancers portray the figures Ramayana.

Around 1930, an Wayan Limbak working with the German painter Walter Spies create Kecak dance tradition based on Sanghyang and parts of the story of Ramayana. Wayan Limbak popularize dance this time around the world with the group of its dancers Bali.
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07 Januari 2009

Rupiah

The currency of payment transactions is a tool used in the economy of a country. For Indonesia, the currency is the rupiah.

In ancient times, primitive people have not used the money or the means of exchange. This is because by that time people can meet all the desires of the surrounding lam. When the natural resources they use out, they began to move and use of natural resources in the surrounding areas again. Then when the emergence of ancient human civilization began to exchange goods with goods belonging to own other people, which is called barter. Then, after the era of more advanced, people start using the tool trade, although not the form of money. The tool is called money goods. Then after the use of human writing and letters, called dikenallah money or trust money (money fiduciair).
History

The word "dollar" is derived from the word "Rupee", a currency India. Indonesian currency has Gulden Netherlands from 1610 to 1817. After the year 1817, introduced the currency Gulden Dutch. Currency rupiah was first introduced officially at the time of Japanese occupation during the Second World War-2, with the Dutch East Indies rupiah. After the war, the Bank of Java (Javaans Bank, to become the next Bank Indonesia) introduced the rupiah currency as a substitute for it. Gulden NICA currency made by the partners and some of the currency printed guerrilla group also valid at that time.


Since 2 November 1949, four years after independence, India set Rupiah currency as the new kebangsaannya. Riau Islands and West Irian rupiah variations have their own use but they disbande
d in 1964 in Riau and West Irian in 1974.

Asian economic crisis of 1998 caused the rupiah fell as much as 35% and bring the fall of Soeharto.

Rupiah is the currency that can be exchanged freely, but with penalties didagangkan caused a high rate of inflation.

Fraction Currency Rupiah

Rp.25 (Metal)
Rp.50 (Metal)
Rp.100 (Metal & Paper)
Rp.500 (Metal & Paper)
Rp.1.000 (Metals & Paper)
Rp.5.000 (Paper)
Rp.10.000 (Paper)
Rp.20.000 (Paper)
Rp.50.000 (Paper)
Rp.100.000 (Paper)
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Compulsory National song

Indonesia Raya - Lagu Kebangsaan Republik Indonesia - Lagu Wajib Nasional

Ciptaan : W.R. Supratman / Wage Rudolf Supratman

Indonesia tanah airku
Tanah tumpah darahku
Disanalah aku berdiri
Jadi pandu ibuku
Indonesia kebangsaanku
Bangsa dan Tanah Airku
Marilah kita berseru
Indonesia bersatu

Hiduplah tanahku
Hiduplah negriku
Bangsaku Rakyatku semuanya
Bangunlah jiwanya
Bangunlah badannya
Untuk Indonesia Raya

Indonesia Raya
Merdeka Merdeka
Tanahku negriku yang kucinta

Indonesia Raya
Merdeka Merdeka
Hiduplah Indonesia Raya

Indonesia Raya
Merdeka Merdeka
Tanahku negriku yang kucinta

Indonesia Raya
Merdeka Merdeka
Hiduplah Indonesia Raya

Indonesia Tanah yang mulia
Tanah kita yang kaya
Di sanalah aku berada Untuk slama-lamanya
Indonesia Tanah pusaka Pusaka Kita semuanya
Marilah kita mendoa Indonesia bahagia

Suburlah Tanahnya Suburlah jiwanya
Bangsanya Rakyatnya semuanya
Sadarlah hatinya Sadarlah budinya
Untuk Indonesia Raya

Indonesia Tanah yang suci Tanah kita yang sakti
Disanalah aku berdiri 'njaga ibu sejati
Indonesia! Tanah berseri Tanah yang aku sayangi
Marilah kita berjanji Indonesia abadi

Slamatlah Rakyatnya Slamatlah putranya
Pulaunya lautnya semuanya
Majulah Negrinya Majulah Pandunya
Untuk Indonesia Raya



Note :
This song is Indonesian National Anthem
Indonesian old patriotic song
Free public song & non commercial copyrighted song lyric




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06 Januari 2009

Pencak silat

Pencak Silat or Silat (fighting techniques by using self-defense) is the art of self-care Asia stems from the Malay culture. Art of self-care is widely known in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore but can also be found in different variations in different countries in accordance with the distribution of ethnic Malays, such as the Philippines and South South Thailand. Thanks to the role of the coach origin Indonesia, Vietnam at this time also has pesilat-pesilat a respite.

Pencak silat parent organization in Indonesia is the IPSI (Ikatan Pencak Silat Indonesia). Persilat (Persekutuan Pencak Silat Antara Nation), is the name of the organization that was formed by Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam for the federation mewadahi-pencak silat federation in various countries.

History

Silat is spread in the islands of the archipelago since the 7th century BC, but the origin will not be the beginning. However, at this time silat has been recognized as an ethnic Malay culture in the area, [1], namely the coastal areas of Sumatra island and Peninsular Malacca, and various other ethnic groups who use the lingua franca Malay language in various areas in Java island , Bali, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and others of the same shape also develop their own traditional silat. Sheikh Shamsuddin (2005) [2] holds that there is the influence of martial science from China and India in silat. Indeed, not even just that. This could be because dimaklumi the Malay culture (including Pencak Silat) is a culture that is open, which since the beginning of the Malay culture has been adapting to different cultures brought by traders and immigrants from India, Chinese, Arabic, Turkish, and other. Cultures and then berasimilasi adapt to the native culture. So presumably historical Pencak silat is born simultaneously with the emergence of Malay culture. So, each region has generally persilatan the leaders of. For example, the Malay Peninsula, especially in the Malacca believes that the legend of Hang Tuah-century to 14 Silat Pendekar is the greatest. [3] It is also going on in Java, which boast Gajah Mada.

Development and distribution of Silat a historical record when it began spreading much influenced by the Ulama, seiiring with the spread of Islam in the century to 14 in Indonesia. Historical record is considered authentic in the history of the development of pencak silat which they can still look up to us at this time. At the time Pencak silat has taught along with religious subjects in suraus-suraus. Silat ago to develop a knowledge of martial arts and dance of the people, be part of the educational care for the imperialist countries. Besides, the Pencak Silat also be part of a spiritual exercise. [2]

Aspects and forms of
Randai Art of the West Sumatra silek (silat) as an element tariannya.

There are 4 main aspects in pencak silat, namely:

1. Mental Spiritual aspects: Pencak silat build and develop the personality and noble character someone. The great teacher and Pendekar pencak silat antiquity often have to go through stages of meditation, Tapa, or other aspects of psychotherapy to achieve the highest level keilmuannya.
2. Aspects of the Arts: Culture and the "art" Pencak Silat is one aspect which is very important. Pencak term generally describes the dance form of art pencak silat, with music and traditional clothing.
3. Aspects of the Martial Arts: Spirituality and self-perseverance is very important in the science of self-care in Pencak Silat. Silat term, tend to emphasize the technical aspects of the ability of self-care Pencak Silat.
4. Aspect Sports: This means that the physical aspect in the pencak silat is important. Pesilat mind trying to adjust it to the body. Competition is the aspect of this. Aspects of the game include sports demonstrations and forms moment, both for single or double shift.

Forms of Pencak Silat and padepokannya (where berlatihnya) different from one another, according to the aspects that are emphasized. Many find the flow of the original observation of wild animals on the fracas. Silat-silat tiger and monkey is an example of stream-flow is. Adapula which holds that aspects of self-care and exercise, both physical and respiratory, is the beginning of the development of silat. Aspects of exercise and self-care aspects of this is to make Pencak silat has become famous in Europe.

However, many argued that the specifics of the Pencak Silat terhilangkan, or dipermudah, while pencak silat to join the world of sports. Therefore, some practitioners still silat focus on spiritual or traditional forms of Pencak Silat, and does not follow the rules of membership and adopted by Persilat, as the organization pencak silat world.

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REOG PONOROGO

Reog is one of the arts culture that came from the western part of the East-sea and the city is considered a Ponorogo Reog the actual origin. Ponorogo city gate decorated by her Warok and Gemblak, two figures appear in the Reog be at the time [1]. Reog evidence is one of the cultural area in Indonesia that is still very thick with the smell of mysticism and mystical strong.
History Reog Ponorogo

Basically there are five versions of the story is developing in the community about the origins Reog and Warok [2], but one of the most famous story is the story of the rebellion Ki Ageng lice, a servant in the kingdom Bhre Kertabhumi, the last king of Majapahit in power on the 15-century. Ki Ageng lice wrath will be a strong influence from the Chinese colleagues in the government and the king king of corrupt behavior, he also saw that the power of the kingdom of Majapahit will end. He then left the king and establish the university where he teaches young people self-art care, science, self-immunity, and the science of perfection in the hope that young people this will be the seed of the resurrection of Majapahit kingdom again soon. Pasukannya too aware that the small kingdom of troops to fight the political message delivered Ki Ageng lice Reog through performing arts, which is a "hint" to the king and his kingdom Kertabumi Bra. The Reog into how Ki Ageng lice resistance to the local people use Reog popularity.

Reog shown in the performance of lion-shaped mask, known as the "Lion Barong," the king of the forest, which is the symbol for Kertabumi, and above ditancapkan plume merak to resemble a giant fan that symbolize the strong influence of peer Cinanya from the movement of all - geriknya. Jatilan, diperankan by a group of dancers gemblak the menunggangi hobby became a symbol of Majapahit Kingdom troop strength that was in contrast to the comparative strength warok, which is located behind the mask of a clown red symbol for Ki Ageng lice, alone and sustain heavy mask singabarong that reach more 50kg of only using the teeth [3]. Populernya Reog Ki Ageng lice cause Kertabumi finally take action and attack perguruannya, rebellion by warok quickly overcome, and universities are forbidden to continue teaching will warok. However, students Ki Ageng lice still continue secretly. However, the arts Reognya still allowed to own dipentaskan because the performance has become popular among the public, but the road has a story plot which added new characters from the folklore that is Ponorogo Kelono Sewondono, Dewi Songgolangit, and Sri Genthayu.


The official version of the story flow Reog Ponorogo now is the story of King Ponorogo daughter who intend applying for Kediri, Dewi Ragil Yellow, but the way he dicegat by the King of Singabarong Kediri. King Singabarong troops of peacock and lion, while the Kingdom of Ponorogo Kelono King and representatives Bujanganom, be under guard by warok (black-clad men in tariannya black), and this has warok science black death. Tariannya whole war is a dance between the Kingdom and the Kingdom of Kediri Ponorogo, and complain of black magic between them, the dancers in a state of 'trance' during stage tariannya [4].

Up to now the only people Ponorogo what the legacy of their ancestors inheriting a very rich culture. Reog experience in the Arts is a creative human creations that the mainstream belief that there is a hereditary and awake. Ritual also use terms that are not easy for people to fulfill without the lineage is clear. profess their lineage Parental and customary law which is still valid.

Art director Reog

Reog modern dipentaskan usually in several events such as weddings, and khitanan-day national holiday. Reog Ponorogo art consists of some 2 to 3 sets of dance. Dance usually be the first by 6-8 with the brave men wear all black, with red faces scrubbed. The dancers this figure illustrates the intrepid lion. Next is a dance brought by 6-8 girls who mount a horse. In the traditional reog, dancers usually diperankan by male dancers dressed in women. This dance is called the dance jaran braid, which must be the art of dance another dance that is lumping horse. Dances of other if there is usually a dance by a small child who carries the funny scenes.

After the establishment of the dance is complete, the new core of the scene show the contents of which depend on the condition of art displayed reog. If related to the wedding scene is shown mourning. To hajatan khitanan or circumcision, usually Pendekar story,

Reog in the art scene does not usually follow the scenario that neatly arranged. Here, there is always the interaction between players and puppeteer (usually gang leaders), and sometimes with the audience. Sometimes a player is in stage can be replaced by other players when the players are tired. A staging point in reog art is to give satisfaction to the penontonnya.

Last scene is the lion Barong, where actors wearing masks lion-shaped head with a crown made of peacock plumage. Weight mask can reach 50-60 kg. The mask is brought about by heavy penarinya with teeth. The ability to present this mask than that obtained with the weight training, also diproleh trusted with spiritual exercises, such as fasting and Tapa.

Controversy

Dance Reog Ponorogo ditarikan in Malaysia which called Barongan Dance [5]. Description will be shown in this dance the official website of the Ministry of Culture and Heritage Malaysia. Dance is also using the mask dadak peacock, tiger head mask on top of that there is a plume peacock, which is a native of Ponorogo made [6]. Other problems that arise when ditarikan is, in this reog be any posts "Malaysia" [7] and diaku a Malay heritage of stone carved Johor and Selangor Malaysia - and this is being examined further by the Indonesian government. [8]. This triggered protests from various parties in Indonesia, including the original artists Reog Ponorogo said that the copyright of Reog recorded with the number 026377 dated 11 February 2004 and known by the Minister of Justice and Human Rights of the Republic of Indonesia [8]. Thousands of Artists Reog any demonstration in front of the Embassy of Malaysia [9]. Contrary to the images that are included in the cultural sites, where dadak merak version of Reog Ponorogo ditarikan any posts with "Malaysia" [10], Malaysian Ambassador to Indonesia Datuk Zainal Abidin Muhammad Zain at the end of November 2007 and stated that "the Government of Malaysia has never claimed Reog Ponorogo culture as the original state. Reog called "barongan" in Malaysia can be found in Johor and Selangor because brought by Javanese people who wander the country relative to the [11].

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Soto Madura

Soto Madura is a kind of coming from the Madura, East Java-based beef, boiled eggs, fried potatoes and bean sprouts, seasoning with coriander, onion and garlic, ginger, turmeric, galingale, Candlenut, rough-skinned orange and salt secukupnya.

How to make is to boil the water with the beef until cooked secukupnya (sisihkan). Insert the ingredients you have mashed together into serei meat broth, cooked until the sauce mendidih.Kuahnya ditaburi spring onion, celery leaves and fried onions mixed with a little onion-putih.dihidangkan same sambal soto and sliced lemon.

Type of food berkuah most popular in Indonesia. In fact, every region has soto pride with a different name. In addition to Java and Madura, the people of South Sulawesi with pride coto Makassar, Kalimantan residents have soto Banjar. There are also soto Bandung, soto Betawi to soto Padang.

That distinguishes essentially only material (beef, chicken or jerohan) with a clear sauce or coconut milk diimbuh, in addition to complement dish. There is a boiled egg, soun, kripik potato, potato meatball or are simply plain white rice or with lontong.

This week, the team culinary Daily Surya keek kitchen Soto Madura Wawan the bermarkas on Jl Mayjen Sungkono, Surabaya.
Dirintis since 1988, now Soto Madura Wawan already has 18 branches in all Surabaya. "There is no secret that in Soto Madura Wawan, because the basic ingredient is the same soto," Wawan sure that was one of jawara in Jajanan bango Festival 2007 held in Surabaya. Congratulations try.

Materials:
(for 4 portions)

250 Gr beef lattice
200 Gr beef bones
100 Gr onion
50 Gr garlic
4 Butir candlenut
1 Jari ginger
1 Trunk Serai
Jari ginger ½
Jari ½ turmeric
Salt secukupnya
Sliced celery leaves and fried onions

Complement:
Sambal candle, discount lemon, boiled eggs

Make:
1 - Prepare all the materials needed. Wash and clean the meat cattle bones, and then boiled in boiling water. Meanwhile, haluskan spices (except the ginger and Serai boiled meat together), without a pan-enter the fine flavor to the meat in the stew and cook until meat soft again. Lift the meat and sliced according to taste. Sisihkan.
2 - Prepare the white rice. Set the meat in the food portion, add the boiled eggs that have been be two. Siram with hot sauce soto. Taburi with sliced onion and celery leaves fried. Serve with sambal candlenuts, discount lemon, sweet soy sauce or salt. Serve hot-hot.

TIPS
* If you like, can be added jerohan. Taste sauce added to the steady if bone-bone beef at the meat boil.
* Citarasa soto Madura racikan Wawan this steady because spices not pan. Once mashed, spices directly inserted into the sauce. If the pan is not why, "But first wait three hours so that integrates with the flavor of meat presented new," Wawan suggestions.
* Ginger, ginger and Serai not be mashed. However, included in the whole stew of meat, and then was appointed shortly after the soft meat.
* Bubuhkan salt will be presented at soto, do not add salt while boil the meat in order to remain fresh cuisine soto.

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05 Januari 2009

Dance Jaipongan

Jaipongan is the art of dance born from the creativity of an artist origin of Bandung, Gugum Gumbira. He inspired people in the arts, one of which is a percussion Tilu make it right to know and recognize patterns perbendaharan movement dance tradition in the Kliningan or Bajidoran or percussion Tilu. So that he can develop a dance or art that is now familiar with the name Jaipongan.

Jaipongan paper that first start is known by the community dance "Leaf Pulus Keser Bat" and "Bat Rendeng" that both the type of dance and dance daughter pair (son and daughter). Early emergence original dance is considered as the movement of erotic and vulgar, but the longer this increasingly popular dance and start increasing the frequency of passages in the media of television, hajatan, and the feasts that disenggelarakan by the government or by private parties.

From dance jaipur this nascent some dancers Jaipongan reliable as Berkeley Saleh, Yeti Mambazo, Eli Somali, and Dedi pepen Kirniadi. Attendance dance Jaipongan give a large contribution to the art lover to dance again delve more active type of dance people who were previously not in the note. With the emergence of dance Jaipongan began to make many courses Jaipongan dance, and many used by the decoy for the guests.



In the Shekhupura Jaipongan style "Kaleran" has the characteristic that is fun, erotic, humorous, spirit, spontaneity, and simplicity. This is reflected in the pattern of continuous dance on the run, given that there is a pattern (Ibar pattern) as the art Jaipongan in Bandung, there are also dances that are not dipola (Ibar Saka), for example, in the art Jaipongan Subang and Karawang. This term can be met in Jaipongan style kaleran, particularly in the areas of Subang.

Jaipongan dance at this time can be called as one of the typical dance of West Java, looking at events important arrival guests from foreign countries who came to the West, always in a mutually Jaipongan dance show. Jaipongan dance this much influence on other art-art in the West, both in the art of puppet show, gamelan, and other genjring that even with dikolaborasikan Dangerman by Mr Modern. Nur and Leni to become the arts Pong-Dut.
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03 Januari 2009

Lake Toba

Lake Toba is a lake with vulkanik size 100 kilometers long and 30 kilometers wide in North Sumatra, South Sumatra, Indonesia. In the middle of this lake there is an island called Pulau Samosir vulkanik.

Lake Toba long since become a key tourist destination in North Sumatra, in addition to Bukit Lawang and Nias, attract domestic and foreign tourists.

Estimated Lake Toba explosion occurred at around 73000-75000 years ago and is bursting supervolcano (super volcanoes) is new. Bill Rose and Craig Chesner from Michigan Technological University estimate that the material vulkanik a mountain dimuntahkan of 2800km3, 800km3 with ignimbrit rock and ash vulkanik that 2000km3 estimated tertiup to the west wind during the 2 sunday. Vulkanik be blown dust that the wind has spread to half the earth, from china to the south african. Letusannya going for 1 sunday and throw debunya reached 10 KM above sea level.


This incident caused the death of the bulk and in some species also followed extinction. According to some DNA evidence, is also bursting menyusutkan until the number of people around 60% of the earth's human population at that time at around 60 million people. The explosion also caused a time of ice, although experts still debate the issue.


After the explosion, the kaldera form which is then filled by water and has become now known as Lake Toba. Pressure up by magma that has not come out cause the emergence of Samosir Island.
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02 Januari 2009

Mount Bromo

Mount Bromo is one tourist destination in East Java. Natural attractions of this National Park is located in the Bromo Tengger Semeru in the eastern city of Malang, East Java. Visitors not only local tourists, even many who come from abroad. With the typical Bromo feasible to create a tourist destination. What are the distinctive Mount Bromo?

Cold, it's that you feel when you first exit from the car. The temperature reaches 10 degrees here even to 0 degrees Celsius time of the morning. So, you should prepare for something cold, kupluk hats, gloves, socks, scarf to address them. But, if you forget the equipment, there are many vendor of mobile communications and assessment, which offers a form of hats, gloves, or scarf.

See the sunrise from the Bromo Pananjakan

Regular visitors to this area since the early days with the aim to see the sun rising. To view them, you have to climb Mount Pananjakan which is the highest mountain in this area. Medan, which must be passed to the Mount Pananjakan is a field that weight. To the foot of Mount Pananjakan, you must through the region that resembles a desert that can make you lose. When should climb Mount Pananjakan, narrow roads and many sharp corners requires high skills at the wheel. For that, many visitors who choose to rent a car Hardtop (similar car jeep) be steered by the community around. Communities around the Tengger tribe originating from the friendly with the visitors.

Up above, there are many shops that provide coffee
or tea and warm camp fire to warm the body while waiting time tebitnya sun. There are also stores that rent warm clothes. Witness the sun is indeed interesting events. Goodbye, visitors willing to wait since at 5 am facing east in order not to lose this moment. You can not always see this event, because when the cloudy sky, sun, the likelihood is not clearly visible. However, when the bright sky, you see orb sun can be the first of only pentul little lighter, slowly expand and eventually form a whole sphere and enlightening, so we can see the mountains in this area. Among others, Mount Bromo, Batok Mount, or Mount Semeru is the highest mountain on the island of Java.
Craters and Ocean Sands Bromo

Done witness the sunrise, you can go back down the mountain toward Pananjakan and Mount Bromo. Sunlight can make you see the scenery around. In fact, you pass through the seas of sands that cover 10 km ². The arid region is filled sand and it is only slightly herbaceous the kiln. Wind, making the sand fly and you can make it difficult to breathe.

To reach the foot of Mount Bromo, you can not use the vehicle. Instead, you must rent a horse with a price of Rp 70,000 - or if you feel strong, you can choose a walk. But, should note that the walk is not easy, because the blazing sun, a short distance away, dust, which can fly to make travel more weight.

Now, you must climb staircases that amounted to 250 children can see the stairs to crater of Mount Bromo. Arriving at the top of the Bromo high of 2,392 m above sea level, you can see the crater of Mount Bromo who smoke. You can also view your fly down, and terlihatlah sea of sand with shrines in the center. Indeed the very rare and exceptional that we can enjoy.

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