16 Januari 2009


Batik (Batik or word) comes from the Javanese "amba" which means to write and "point." The word refers to the batik cloth with a pattern produced by the "night" (wax) which is applied to the top of the cloth, so that the entrance of a coloring agent (dye), or in the English Language "wax-resist dyeing".

Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (particularly Java) since long. Javanese women in the past made them in the skills to make a livelihood, so that in the past to make the work is to work exclusively women finding "Batik Cap" which allows the inclusion of men in this field. There are some exceptions to this phenomenon, namely the coastal batik has the masculine, as can be seen in the pattern "Mega Mendung", which in some coastal areas is to make work for the common man.

Variety Batik pattern and color is influenced by various foreign influences. Initially, batik has multiformity pattern and color are limited, and some patterns may only be used by certain circles. However coastal batik absorb various external influences, such as foreign traders and in the end, the colonists. Bright colors such as red dipopulerkan by the Chinese, who also popularize phoenix patterns. Colonialist European nations also take interest in the batik, and the result is a pattern bebungaan previously unknown (such as tulip flowers) and also objects brought by colonists (the building or horse-drawn carriage), including the colors of their favorite colors such as blue. Maintain the traditional batik coraknya, and is still used in traditional ceremonies, usually because each color has a symbolism of each.

Technique has been to make known since thousands of years back. There is no historical information that is quite clear about the origins of batik. Some suspect this technique comes from the Sumerian nation, and developed in Java after brought by Indian traders. At this time batik can be found in many countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, and Iran. Besides in Asia, batik is also very popular in some countries in the African continent. However, batik, which is very famous in the world is a batik from Indonesia, mainly from Java.

The tradition is beginning to make on that tradition from generation to generation, so that sometimes a motif can be identified came from a family batik. Some batik motif can indicate the status of someone. Even now, some batik motif tadisional only used by the family palace in Yogyakarta and Surakarta.

Batik is the ancestor of the inheritance of Indonesia (Java) is still there. Batik is also the first time introduced to the world by President Soeharto, who at that time the United Nations Conference on batik.

Ways of making

Originally created in batik top with white material made of cotton cloth called mori. These batik also made on other materials such as silk, poliester, rayon and other synthetic materials. Batik motif formed with liquid wax using a tool called a canting motive for the fine, or brush for large-sized patterns, so that the liquid wax seep into the fabric fibers. Cloth that has been painted with wax and then dyed with the desired color, usually starting from the colors of youth. Immersion and then made another motive for the color of dark or older. After some time the process of coloring, the fabric that has been dibatik dicelupkan in chemicals for melarutkan candle.

Type batik

* Write Batik cloth is decorated with batik patterns teksture and use hands. Making this kind of batik takes approximately 2-3 months.
* Batik cloth cap is decorated with batik patterns and teksture formed with the cap (usually made of copper). The process of making this type of batik take approximately 2-3 days.

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