10 Januari 2009

Fish Arwana

Under the influence of Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms some form dipulau Sumatra and Java had reached the area include kejayaannya Negara Malaysia and the island of Mindanao during the century since Majapahit to 7-to 14-century to the coming Arab traders from Gujarat, India and brought Islam.

When people come in early European Abat to-16, until the 17th century Dutch emerged as the most powerful ruler in the earth Equator Zambrut this. Until the keanekaragam is the evolution of flora and fauna, which occurred in the archipelago earth Equator. Only ancient fish called the adult is not yet extinct fish Arwana (Scleropages sp). Up to this fish until seabad ago, nearly unknown, in the year 1844 up to two people

German scientist named Muller and Schlegel interested in the beauty of the fish that they find in South America. Research they found that fish is not known. Both give the name of the fish Osteoglossum formosum.


Then in 1913 two Dutch experts Zoology Max Weber and LF de Beaufort change its name to Scleropages formosus. Until the discovery of this type last Kanazawa by Japanese scientists in 1966, has found many Arwana. At least four have already known that the genus with one species Arapaima (Arapaima gigas), Osteoglossum with two species of Osteoglossum bicirrhosum and Osteoglossum ferreirai, then Scleropages genus with four species, namely Scleropages formosus, Scleropages guntheri, Scleropaghes leichardti and Scleropages jardini. Genus is the last Clupisudis with single species Cluoisudis nilot. While in Indonesia, which is found there are so many types of Super Red Arowana (Scleropages formosus). Arwana this type are found in very many rivers and lakes in Sintang, Kapuas Hulu. The rivers are the Kapuas River that children save many Arwana, because the river or danaunya not berbatu and river flows quietly, not sederas Kapuas River. Fish Arwana red (Scleropages formosus) increasingly difficult to find in the original habitat in Lake Sentarum, Kapuas Hulu regency, West Kalimantan Province. Until basically and generally known that fish Arwana (Scleropages formosus) is one of the freshwater fish species from Southeast Asia. This fish has a body length, fin anus is located far behind the body.


Arwana Asia generally have keperak color-perakan. Arwana Asia also called Dragon Fish because dihubunghubungkan often with the dragon of Chinese Mythology. In addition to the West Kalimantan, fish Arwana also found in Sumatra, especially in the area of Riau and Jambi, but the type is Arwana Merah (Red Golden Arowana) This species is still included Scleropages formosus. Basic colors Arwana Sumatra is golden yellow in the head and tail on

fin and red taillights. Arwana diincar that many collectors are not "bergincu" lips. However pamornya not sehebat Super Red Arowana.

Type Arwana that also are found in Indonesia is Arwana green (Green Arowana), which is also found in Borneo, among others, in Melawai River and River Mensiku. The main colors are green on the tail. However, the color green is often not visible because of a closed red. Only in the adult, the color green is clearly the more visible. Arwana green habibatnya this is the color of river water is not too clean, kecokelatan. There are two types of Arwana others who also lived in Indonesia, namely in Papua, but the population is not too large. Collectors also prefer to hunt this type of Arwana population in Australia is quite high.

Australia's population Arwana type of Scleropages jardini and Scleropages leichardti high. The first type mainly found in the River of Queensland and Jardine River. Characteristics, body berbintik red, part of the stomach silver. While the type of Scleropages leichardti there are many in the Fitzroy River, Mary River, Dawson River Burnett River and Australia.

Type this in Indonesia also found in some small rivers in Papua. However, because the observation in Papua has not been intensive, many people estimate the population of this second type of Arwana big enough. While the types of Silver Arowana and Black Arowana found a lot of South America, North and some rivers in Africa. In Indonesia as well Arwana population in Papua, has not been recorded clearly by the government. While we know that Asia is Arwana species native rivers in Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia. There

variates four colors that are dilokasi:

1. Green, found in Indonesia, Vietnam, Burma, Thailand and Malaysia

2. Gold with red tails, found in Indonesia

3. Gold, dfitemukan in Malaysia

4. Red, found in Indonesia

Arwana Asia that are listed in the list of endangered species that are "endangered" fish Arwana especially Super Red (Scleropages formosus) by IUCN in 2004. Number of species that are often due to decrease because of the high value as aquarium fish, especially by Asian community, pursuivant Feng Shui can pay a high price for a fish this.

Arwana generally divided four main types of the Arwana Asia (Scleropages Formosus), Australia Arowana (Scleropages Jardini / Leichardi), Arwana South America (Osteoglossum Bicirrhosum / Ferreirai) and Arwana Africa. Each collection has a unique and distinctive each Arwana Asialah but that is a collection of these sales and diperingkat world at this time. While CITES (Convention on International Trade inEndangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is the agreement states that a regulation and protection of species of plants and animals will be extinct dikwatirkan. CITES history began from the United Antarabangsa Maintenance Nature.
In the year 1972, for tergagas more concerned with the natural flora and fauna and for human life. So tergagaslah "Human Environment Council" among the nations that together and created a formulation of the problem of trade of flora and fauna are almost extinct in this earth. Up to the Convention in Washinton in the next year, with the results of the 72 countries agreed and signed since 1 July 1975. Government of Malaysia with a system that can pour two fish species that are placed under escort CITES is Temoleh Fish, (Probarbus julleinii) Fish and Kelisa / Arwana, (Scleropages formosus) can be made of undangnya and strict supervision from the government.

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