06 Januari 2009

Pencak silat

Pencak Silat or Silat (fighting techniques by using self-defense) is the art of self-care Asia stems from the Malay culture. Art of self-care is widely known in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore but can also be found in different variations in different countries in accordance with the distribution of ethnic Malays, such as the Philippines and South South Thailand. Thanks to the role of the coach origin Indonesia, Vietnam at this time also has pesilat-pesilat a respite.

Pencak silat parent organization in Indonesia is the IPSI (Ikatan Pencak Silat Indonesia). Persilat (Persekutuan Pencak Silat Antara Nation), is the name of the organization that was formed by Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam for the federation mewadahi-pencak silat federation in various countries.


Silat is spread in the islands of the archipelago since the 7th century BC, but the origin will not be the beginning. However, at this time silat has been recognized as an ethnic Malay culture in the area, [1], namely the coastal areas of Sumatra island and Peninsular Malacca, and various other ethnic groups who use the lingua franca Malay language in various areas in Java island , Bali, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and others of the same shape also develop their own traditional silat. Sheikh Shamsuddin (2005) [2] holds that there is the influence of martial science from China and India in silat. Indeed, not even just that. This could be because dimaklumi the Malay culture (including Pencak Silat) is a culture that is open, which since the beginning of the Malay culture has been adapting to different cultures brought by traders and immigrants from India, Chinese, Arabic, Turkish, and other. Cultures and then berasimilasi adapt to the native culture. So presumably historical Pencak silat is born simultaneously with the emergence of Malay culture. So, each region has generally persilatan the leaders of. For example, the Malay Peninsula, especially in the Malacca believes that the legend of Hang Tuah-century to 14 Silat Pendekar is the greatest. [3] It is also going on in Java, which boast Gajah Mada.

Development and distribution of Silat a historical record when it began spreading much influenced by the Ulama, seiiring with the spread of Islam in the century to 14 in Indonesia. Historical record is considered authentic in the history of the development of pencak silat which they can still look up to us at this time. At the time Pencak silat has taught along with religious subjects in suraus-suraus. Silat ago to develop a knowledge of martial arts and dance of the people, be part of the educational care for the imperialist countries. Besides, the Pencak Silat also be part of a spiritual exercise. [2]

Aspects and forms of
Randai Art of the West Sumatra silek (silat) as an element tariannya.

There are 4 main aspects in pencak silat, namely:

1. Mental Spiritual aspects: Pencak silat build and develop the personality and noble character someone. The great teacher and Pendekar pencak silat antiquity often have to go through stages of meditation, Tapa, or other aspects of psychotherapy to achieve the highest level keilmuannya.
2. Aspects of the Arts: Culture and the "art" Pencak Silat is one aspect which is very important. Pencak term generally describes the dance form of art pencak silat, with music and traditional clothing.
3. Aspects of the Martial Arts: Spirituality and self-perseverance is very important in the science of self-care in Pencak Silat. Silat term, tend to emphasize the technical aspects of the ability of self-care Pencak Silat.
4. Aspect Sports: This means that the physical aspect in the pencak silat is important. Pesilat mind trying to adjust it to the body. Competition is the aspect of this. Aspects of the game include sports demonstrations and forms moment, both for single or double shift.

Forms of Pencak Silat and padepokannya (where berlatihnya) different from one another, according to the aspects that are emphasized. Many find the flow of the original observation of wild animals on the fracas. Silat-silat tiger and monkey is an example of stream-flow is. Adapula which holds that aspects of self-care and exercise, both physical and respiratory, is the beginning of the development of silat. Aspects of exercise and self-care aspects of this is to make Pencak silat has become famous in Europe.

However, many argued that the specifics of the Pencak Silat terhilangkan, or dipermudah, while pencak silat to join the world of sports. Therefore, some practitioners still silat focus on spiritual or traditional forms of Pencak Silat, and does not follow the rules of membership and adopted by Persilat, as the organization pencak silat world.

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